ChonGae Canal Point Source Park

Seoul, South Korea
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    The ChonGae Canal was once a naturally formed stream that flowed through the heart of Seoul, South Korea. It served a key role in the city’s pre-industrial development, providing residents with clean drinking water, crop irrigation, and a means of transportation.

    ASLA Honor Award Recipient, ChonGae Canal Source Point Park: Sunken Stone Garden by Mikyoung Kim Design
    (Photo: Mikyoung Kim Design)

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  • ChonGae Canal Source Point Park
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    As Seoul’s population swelled toward 10 million, the stream became a dumping ground for industrial waste and raw sewage. In the 1920’s and 30’s, the degraded and contaminated stream was entombed in a massive network of culverts and concrete pipes in an attempt to mask sanitation and flooding problems. In the mid 1960’s, an elevated highway was built over top of the ChonGae, further obscuring its presence and dividing the city.

    ASLA Honor Award Recipient, ChonGae Canal Source Point Park: Sunken Stone Garden by Mikyoung Kim Design
    (Photo: Mikyoung Kim Design)

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    In 2003, the city launched a campaign to uncover and restore seven miles of the polluted ChonGae waterway (shown in yellow), aligning the canal with the city’s new vision of sustainability. The project involved removing nearly four miles of elevated highways. The ChonGae Canal Point Source Park (shown in orange), marks the starting point of the stream restoration in city’s central business district.

    ASLA Honor Award Recipient, ChonGae Canal Source Point Park: Sunken Stone Garden by Mikyoung Kim Design
    (Photo: Mikyoung Kim Design)

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    A new park, “Sunken Stone Garden,” was built at the water’s edge in the heart of downtown, creating a vibrant public space that reunites adjacent neighborhoods and reconnects the people of Seoul to this historic waterway.

    ASLA Honor Award Recipient, ChonGae Canal Source Point Park: Sunken Stone Garden by Mikyoung Kim Design
    (Photo: Mikyoung Kim Design)

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    The innovative design addresses water quality concerns by filtering stormwater runoff through state-of-the-art retention and purification systems before it enters the waterway. Sewage is diverted into a separate purification and storage facility. Now, the water is so clean that people are encouraged to reach out and touch it.

    ASLA Honor Award Recipient, ChonGae Canal Source Point Park: Sunken Stone Garden by Mikyoung Kim Design
    (Photo: Mikyoung Kim Design)

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    During the monsoon season, the ChonGae used to overflow its banks and cause massive flood damage to buildings and infrastructure. The new design, which includes high levee walls along the sides of the canal, can accommodate a 100-year storm.

    ASLA Honor Award Recipient, ChonGae Canal Source Point Park: Sunken Stone Garden by Mikyoung Kim Design
    (Photo: Mikyoung Kim Design)

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    Beyond its functional purpose, the new design educates visitors about seasonal and daily changes in water volume. This diagram shows how placing stones at incremental elevations can allow visitors to track the water level. The artful and ever-changing appearance of this landscape makes this an engaging public space.

    ASLA Honor Award Recipient, ChonGae Canal Source Point Park: Sunken Stone Garden by Mikyoung Kim Design
    (Photo: Mikyoung Kim Design)

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    The ChonGae Canal attracts visitors at all times of the day. The site hosts numerous events through the year including New Year’s festivals, political rallies, fashion shows, and rock concerts. By attracting people from all over the city, the park has helped revitalize neighborhoods and spur business development on both sides of the river.

    Photo: ASLA Honor Award Recipient, ChonGae Canal Source Point Park: Sunken Stone Garden by Mikyoung Kim Design
    (Photo: Mikyoung Kim Design)

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Project Facts

  • Completed in 2005, the ChonGae Canal Restoration Project is part of a $384 million campaign to daylight and restore seven miles of Seoul’s historic waterways.
  • According to the Seoul Development Institute, the restoration project has added between $2.9 billion and $20 billion to the local economy and created 300,000 new jobs in the construction, machinery, real estate, and retail industries
  • Each day, new public parks along this stream corridor attract some 90,000 visitors.
  • Air pollution along the stream has dropped 36 percent. Also, summer temperatures along the canal are now 5 degrees lower than surrounding areas.
  • Just four years after the stream was uncovered, the number of fish species has increased from 4 to 25, bird species from 6 to 36, insect species from 15 to 192, and plant species from 62 to 308.