American Society of Landscape Architects ASLA 2006 Student Awards
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Tota New Botanical Garden
Hyosoon Ki, Student ASLA
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Faculty Advisor(s): Anuradha Mathur

"Very poetic analysis and solution. The botanic garden issue is very important for the profession and this is an innovative project with a great message."

— 2006 Student Awards Jury Comments


"The gardens, Buchana notes, "are extensive, and divided into square plots separated by walks, the sides of which are ornamented with fine cypress tress. The plots are filled with fruit tress, and pot-herbs. The Mussalman fashion is to have a separate piece of ground allotted for each kind of plant. Thus one plot is entirely filled with rose tress, another with pomegranates, and so forth."

(Francis Buchana, A journey from Madaras through the countries of Mysore, Canara, and Malabar 1970, Vol. 1, 79)


Located in Bangalore, India, this city is called 'Garden City in India'. This site is a part of the North Corridor, 50km, alongside National Highway #7. Yellahanca is the satellite city of Bangalore. This site (approximately 28km2) is intersected by two valleys and two big national highways, and is met by the urban and agrarian patch. It has potential to revive the extinct Indian garden because this site is associated with the Indian's cultural condition, complicated urban condition, and natural condition.

The main intent of this project is the revival of extinct TOTA that is the garden of the economic plants, as a botanical garden. The design approach consists of three steps of figuration: the agrarian and urban patch, calibration of bunds (old Indian embankment to irrigate fields associated with the Monsoon season), and the wet and dry garden. Also, this project has introduced how to set up these elements in the large urban scale, and how to make the scenario of the infrastructure in landscape and urban design.

Furthermore, adapting to the current situations from the existing four TOTAs (kitchen garden, betel-leaf garden, coconut garden, and flower garden), I have designated new four TOTAs: Fruit, Vegetable & Spice, Flower, and the experimental TOTA, as well as a new market and neighborhood field through the North Corridor and Yellahanca. Following the concepts of new TOTAs and the wet and dry garden, this botanical garden has new formulation of TOTA for composition and reemergence.


The landscape program and goal of this site are intended to reach out to the neighborhood of Yellahanca and the North Corridor, as well as to sustain the influx of the market and botanical garden users. As a botanical garden for economic plants, this garden has four TOTAs and a market with the bund system. Depending on the wetness and dryness by topography, the planting program has various heights in each TOTA. In particular, the Experimental TOTA, that is located on a potential area, introduces and acclimatizes new plants for the economic botany. The botanical garden is the framework to intricate with cultural, economic, ecological conditions in Bangalore.

Yellahanca is the city without the consistency of other urban and natural conditions. The garden and the bund systems are transformed by the existing urban and agrarian patch. This project can produce the guideline of the large-scale urban design as the structure for the future urban design and landscape.


The purpose of this project is to revive and to set up the condition for the endangered TOTA. This process has been started to explore the wetness and dryness. Bangalore's climate is influenced by Monsoon, and the city is located on the higher altitude than other areas. That is why Bangalore has many bunds to irrigate fields. In particular, this site has two intersected valleys, and is enclosed by four water tanks. Following on investigating geographical feature and agrarian and urban patches, it has molded calibration lines and basic design formation. The next process is that these foundations match to the existing urban contexts. As doing this step, the process has improved genuine organization. Finally, these elements-dry, irrigated, and set gardens-have been reemerged as the TOTA.

From the past to the contemporary city, I have dealt with the broad scope of the urban context, as well as creating a design strategy associated with cultural, economic, and ecological elements dedicated to the community. I introduced a new typology of the market structure and TOTA botanical garden which can be a crucial infrastructure in Bangalore. This development was highly innovative, cultural, and organized in a large proportion of new open space.


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