Professional Practice

Economic Models: Sustainable Regional Planning

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The Economics of Ecosystems & Biodiversity (TEEB)
This international initiative draws together expertise from the fields of science, economics, and policy to show the cost of sustaining biodiversity and ecosystem services is lower than the cost of allowing the degradation of biodiverse areas that offer high-value ecosystem services.

The Economic Value of Green Infrastructure (Northwest Regional Development Agency, U.K.)
Highlights the economic benefits of green infrastructure in terms of economic growth and investment and offers approaches to economic assessment. 

Envalue (New South Wales Government, Australia)
This online database provides access to environmental valuation studies.

Green Accounting: A Virtual Resource Center (United Nations Environment Program)
The center provides a searchable database of manuals, handbooks, case studies and other materials related to integrated environmental and economic accounting or "green accounting."

Guidebook of Financial Tools: Paying for Environmental Systems (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
This 238-page manual serves as a comprehensive directory for evaluating public financing strategies for environmental projects on a range of scales.

Nature Valuation and Financing Network
The network offers a range of tools and case studies on the valuation of ecosystem goods and services.

Using Fair-Share Costing to Control Sprawl (Smart Communities Network)
Analyzes the economic costs of sprawl and how fare-share costing can help solve the problem.

Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit (State of Massachusetts)
The government of Massachusetts put together this toolkit of state policies and initiatives to ensure state infrastructure investments encourage smart growth instead of subsidizing sprawl.

Sprawl Costs: Economic Impacts of Unchecked Development (Robert Burchell, Anthony Downs, Sahan Mukherji , Barbara McCann)
This book offers a comprehensive cost-benefit analysis of different approaches to growth, and gives decision-makers and land-use planners realistic and useful data on the implications of various strategies and policies.

Assessment Tools

The EcoValue Project (The Gund Institute for Ecological Economics, University of Vermont)
Based at the University of Vermont, this project "provides an interactive decision support system for assessing and reporting the economic value of ecosystem goods and services in geographic context."

Economic Valuation of Coral Reefs (World Resource Institute)
According to WRI, this project focuses on the development of a valuation methodology that will be broadly applicable in countries across the Caribbean, supporting wise, long-term coastal policy and management.

Millennium Ecosystem Assessments (United Nations)
This is a guide to the various Millennium Ecosystem assessments. From 2001 to 2005, a team of more than 1,360 experts worldwide conducted a state-of-the-art scientific appraisal of the "condition and trends in the world’s ecosystems and the services they provide." These reports provide the underlying foundation for the ecosystem service concept.

Modeling Software

CITYGreen (American Forests)
CITYgreen software is a powerful GIS application for land-use planning and policy-making. It is an extension to ESRI’s ArcGIS products.

Economic Impact Assessment MGM2 (National Park Service)
The Money Generation Model (MGM2) is an excel workbook that estimates the regional economic impacts of National Park visitor spending."The Money Generation Model produces quantifiable measures of park economic benefits that can be used for planning, concessions management, budget justifications, policy analysis and marketing." 

InVEST 1.0 Beta (Natural Capital Project)
The Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Tradeoffs (InVEST) is a suite of models and software tools that aims to provide a consistent methodology for measuring and comparing the value of multiple ecosystem services across real landscapes.

Case Studies

Economic Benefits of Recycling (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
The E.P.A. has collected a set of state and regional case studies outlining the economic benefits of recycling.

Ecosystem Services Valuation Map (Conservation International)
The Center for Applied Biodiversity Science created a set of maps and case studies worldwide on the economic, livelihood, and cultural values of ecosystems.

Ecosystem Services Case Study: The Mississippi River Floods of 1993 and 2008 (Landen Consulting)
This case study shows how flood damages in the Mississippi River Valley can be reduced by converting existing farm land into wetlands using sustainable land-use planning strategies.

Watershed Markets Case Studies (International Institute for Environment and Development)
This site highlights case studies for sites using market mechanisms to increase water services.

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