Honor Award -- Design
Zhongshan Shipyard Park
Zhongshan City, Guangdong Province, China
Kongjian Yu, Center for Landscape Architecture, Beijing University; Turen
Design Institute; Wei Pang, Turen Design Institute, Guanzhou Office; Shihong
Lin, Turen Design Institute
Center for Landscape Architecture and Planning
Beijing, CHINA 100871
Purpose: To build a park on the site of a deserted shipyard for
landscape quality, recreation, environmental and historical education,
Design Philosophy and Intent: Design is a process of preserving
and modifying existing forms, and, if necessary, creating new forms to
visualize the significance or functional, cultural, historical and ecological
meanings of a site.
The Role of the Landscape Architect: Landscape architects played
the leading role.
Special Factors: This project is unique because:
(1) Unique history: The shipyard was originally built in the 19505
but went bankrupt in 1999.
Though small in scale it reflects the remarkable 50-year history of socialist
China, including the Cultural Revolution. It is a space to remember and
(2) A challenging setting
Challenge 1: fluctuating water levels. With the existing lake
connected through the Qijiang River to the sea, water levels fluctuate
up to 1.1 meters daily. A network of bridges was constructed at various
elevations and integrated with terraced planting beds so that native weeds
can be grown and visitors can feel the breath of the ocean.
Challenge 2: flood control versus old trees protection: Regulations
of the Water Management Bureau required old banyan trees at the bank to
be cut down in order to widen the river channel for flooding water flow.
The solution was digging a parallel ditch on the other side of the trees,
leaving them intact as an island of preservation.
Challenge 3: Remnant rust docks and machinery -nothing as gigantic
or unusual as a gas works or steel factory. These elements, if left intact
because of a pure preservation or ecological restoration ethic, might
actually be a distraction or nuisance for local residents. Three approaches
are taken to artistically and ecologically dramatize the, spirit of the
site using these elements: preservation, modification of old forms and
creation of new forms.
Significance: Visitors to the parks were deeply touched and moved,
it demonstrated the important role that landscape architects can play
in urban renovation.
How the project meets judging criteria by category.
- Quality of design: Design penetrating into all the processes of preserving
and modifying of existing forms, and creating new forms.
- Functionalism: Function reigns supreme in this design. This is evident
in the network of paths that link unique locations and exits, the reuse
of docks for tea houses, the accessible terraces planted with native
plants and the light tower made from the former water tower.
- Relationship to context. The existing site was well respected. The
park merges into the urban fabric through a network of paths and urban
facilities being introduced. Water elements merge via the inlet from
the sea that fluctuates along with ocean tides.
- Environmental responsibility. The principles of reducing, reutilizing
and recycling natural and man-made materials were followed.
- Relevance to the profession, the public and the environment. This
park is a public place that calls people to pay attention to culture
and history that has not yet been designated as formal or "traditional."
It is about the common people, as well as an environment ethic that
states, "weeds are beautiful."
Client statement: The Qijiangpark of Zhongshan was finished in
October 2001. It is a great success in terms of its contribution to the
city landscape and its fulfillment of the requirements first set by the
Planning Bureau. Our citizens love this park because of its unusual features
and its recreational, environmental and historical education functions.
It is also an attraction for tourism. Now a brilliant and essential part
of our city, we are quite proud of it.