Six approaches to landscape architecture.
By Ann Forsyth and Katherine Crewe
Photo by Peg Skorpinski
Is the practice of landscape architecture differentiated mostly by style and project type, or are there other important differences
in approach among members of the profession?
By examining the work of contemporary landscape architects, we have discovered six distinctive approaches to practice. They vary
on many dimensions apart from project type or even specific styles. These include design process, client or audience, scale, knowledge base, ethics, nature, and power. These help shape differing approaches to form and aesthetics.
The acronym "landSCAPES" summarizes the six approaches:
S design as Synthesis
C Cultivated expression
A landscape Analysis
P Plural design
E Ecological design
S Spiritual landscapes
These approaches to landscape architecture can be examined further
in eight categories: (1) the goals, (2) the process used in design
or analysis, (3) main clients or audiences, (4) the scale of concern,
(5) the intellectual or knowledge base, (6) the ethical approach,
(7) relation to the natural world, and (8) the analysis of power
relations or the larger role of landscape architecture in society.
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